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MONUMENT NO. 15186

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A defended settlement of Iron Age date and a signal station of Roman date, situated in a prominent location on the northern edge of Barcombe Hill. The settlement is visible as a roughly oval enclosure, 95 metres north east to south west by 42 metres north west to south east, with an inner and outer bank and a ditch. The stone and earth inner bank is up to 2 metres wide and is best preserved on the south and eastern sides. The surrounding ditch is on average 6 metres wide and 1 metre deep. Outside of the ditch there is a second bank on average 3 metres wide and standing to a maximum of 0.6 metres high where it is best preserved on the south side. The northern side of the enclosure has been disturbed by a series of quarry holes thought to be Roman in date and associated with the construction of Hadrian's Wall, but most likely exploited in the post-medieval period too. Within the north west corner of the enclosure there are the well preserved remains of a turf-built Roman signal station, visible as a roughly rectangular enclosure with rounded corners, 17 metres east to west by 13 metres north to south and standing to a maximum of 0.8 metres high. It is surrounded by a broad ditch on average 3 metres wide. Within the enclosure is a raised central platform, and the remains of at least one causeway giving access to the ditch is visible. The signal station was the subject of limited excavation in 1939 and again in the early 1950s; both excavations uncovered a limestone flagged base to the turf rampart measuring 4.2 metres wide which was cut into the rampart of the earlier defended settlement. The later excavation also recorded the discovery of a small oven with a stoke hole to the north east, a large amount of charcoal and Roman pottery of first century date. It is thought that the signal station pre-dated the construction of Hadrian's Wall and was only in use for a short time during the later first century AD. The site is visible on air photographs.

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